by HIH Nadine Sultana
DC, IIUC 98,
Copyright 1998 Nadine
Sultana d’Osman Han
to all my Brothers
wrote in l842 — “I write by the light of two eternal truths: Religion and Monarchy..”—
very true are these words, for Religion and Monarchy transcends from
times from the Divine Allah. Monarchy
and Spirituality are inseparable, because a Monarch is bound by Oath to
the Will of God, for the good of the people.
Abdulhamit II was both Sultan and Caliph, therefore he embodied
two truths. The
very personality of the
Sultan radiated with spirituality from a very young age. One might say that for
H.M. Abdulhamit II, it
was a birthright transmitted to him over thousands of years from his
genealogy called Silsilename, traces the genealogy of the Turkish
beginning with Adam and Eve, continuing with the ancients Prophets and
Patriarchs, and terminating with the Ottoman’s Dynasty founded by Osman
whose title means “Warrior of the Faith”.
Ottoman Sultans did surrender to complete obedience to the Will of
Allah. They did
abide by the principles of morality,
honesty, and honor mentioned in the Holy Qu’ran.
Abdulhamit II never strayed from that path, and his people could not
honor to integrity.
Sultan Abdulhamit II became the 98th Caliph from His Exalted Highness
on the day that he was girded with the Sword of Osman Gazi at Eyup, on
7, Sept l876. At
Eyup’s Tomb, the Sultan
renewed his commitment to total surrender to the Will of Allah, and to
principles of spirituality in the Osmanli tradition.
could be more gloriously appropriate, but for the Ottoman Caliph to
journey of his reign from Eyup, which is the 3rd
most sacred place
in the Islamic World, after Mecca and Jerusalem.
This is because H.M. Sultan Mehmet the
Conqueror or Fatih as he is usually known, while capturing
Islam, found the lost tomb of Eyup Ensari.
Eyup was the friend and standard-bearer of Prophet
Mohammed (Peace be
upon Him), and, he was among the leaders of the first Arab siege of
Constantinople, in the year 674. Eyup
was killed during the unsuccessful siege, and he was buried somewhere
it was the Will of Allah for such a miraculous discovery to occur, so
centuries later, and, only to the Conqueror of Constantinople for Islam. Shortly thereafter, Allah
Blessed again the
Ottoman Sultans with the Caliphate.
after the Conquest of Constantinople, renamed Istanbul, Sultan Fatih,
kulliye built there, named Eyup.
I should explain that a kulliye is a group of buildings, which include
Mosque, hospital, and various other religious and philanthropic
kulliye of Sultan
Fatih included two tombs, one of which became the Sultan last
these facts are the very legacy that influenced the spirituality of
Abdulhamit II, and it was to manifest itself at a very young age.
has many different facets of expression, one of which is good manners. Without good manners there
can be no morality
and therefore no civilization. Sultan
Abdulhamit was a serious, meditative and dignified child. He never laughed loudly. These qualities remained
with the Sultan into
expression of spirituality was the Sultan’s humility.
H.M. Abdulhamit II had many talents, in
calligraphy, arts, cabinet-making, in which he was truly a Master,
languages, sports, and many more subjects in which he excelled at. Yet the Sultan never
boasted of his
was not understood by the many foreigners, who laughed at the Sultan or
aspect of the spirituality of the Sultan, was his sensitivity toward
of nature, and to his appreciation of tranquillity.
This spirituality, led the Sultan to reject
the extravagance of Dolmabace, for the more modest small palaces set
restful park of Yildiz, where the Soul could be refresh in closer
Sultan Abdulhamit II enjoyed simple pleasures, such as the
nature, as he sipped a cup of coffee at one of the kiosk in the park,
listening to the songs of birds.
spirituality of the Sultan was also found in his gentleness towards
and animals. Nothing
could delight the
Sultan more, than to listen to the inexperienced musical playing of his
Abdulhamit II was also
very undemanding of his wives, taking great pleasure in simple relaxing
Abdulhamit was very thrifty in his needs, and very conscientious of his
pious and mystic, the
Sultan was a loner. He
worked long hours
in the interest of the people, taking no vacation during his long reign
Sultan was also a warrior of the Faith, not with the sword, but with
energy. The Sultan
spent great energy to
unite all Muslims, under the Banner of the Caliphate, for the Glory of
and His Messenger Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon Him).
Mohammed (Peace be upon Him) encouraged the pursuit of knowledge with
words: — “He who
leaves his home in
search of knowledge walks in the path of God”.—
Sultan Abdulhamit II brought a spiritual dimension to this task, as he
expanded education in all fields.
Sultan inaugurated economic reforms and progress with the WISDOM OF
which could be the envy of any ecologist today.
deepest form of spirituality of H.M. Sultan Abdulhamit II, came forth
Sultan sacrificed His Sultanate, without a moment of hesitation, when
believed, that it would accomplish the security, and orderliness of the
the ones he educated so liberally, did not live by the same high
morality as the Sultan. So,
acquired the knowledge so generously bestow on them, they turned
Allah, to their Sultan and Caliph, and destroyed their very Soul in the
shall conclude with a few thoughts.
Abdulkadir Dedeoglu wrote: —
are like Spirits in their relation to their country”.—
To be sure, their spirits, carried on by
their descendants, did not die with the grief of exile.
the mystic 90 years old, Sultan Selim Hamid*, (who is the last son of
Sultan Abdulhamid II), remains steadfast on the Spiritual path of
humility in tradition of Islam, while his heart and soul remain
linked to the Fate of Istanbul, the City of the Ottoman Caliphs,
Pearl of Islam as it was said, and, the Siege to the Holy Relics of
Mohammed (Peace be Upon Him).
shall leave you with the words of Petrus Gyllius, who said four century
ago: — “It seems to
me that while other
cities are mortal, this one will endure as long as there are men on
Allah Blessings be Upon You, Upon Islam and Turkey and upon all the
Nations. Thank you.
* Sultan Selim i-Rabi bin Hamid Han passed away on April 3rd,